Quick Facts

Georgia Governor Nathan Deal

Georgia Governor Nathan Deal


  • Capital: Atlanta
  • Population (2012 Est.): 9,919,945
  • Largest Cities (2012): Atlanta, 443,775; Columbus, 198,413; Augusta, 197,892; Savannah, 142,022
  • Targeted Industries: Aerospace, Agribusiness, Defense, Information Technology, Life Sciences, Logistics, Manufacturing
  • GDP (All Industry 2012): $433.5 billion*

*Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce



Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ): Allows qualified companies to defer, decrease or eliminate duties on materials imported from overseas that are used in products assembled in Georgia.


Employees’ Retirement System of Georgia Enhanced Investment Authority Act: This measure means venture capital funds can now access state pension funds, thus encouraging start-up companies to stay and grow in the state.

Entrepreneur and Small Business Loan (ESB) Guarantee Program: In partnership with the OneGeorgia Authority, the state can provide loan guarantees to spur entrepreneurial growth in specified rural communities throughout GA. The guarantee amounts can range between $35,000 and $250,000, can be used for hard assets or for start-up and working capital and require a 10% cash equity injection by the borrower. See


Elimination of the Sales & Use Tax on Energy Used in Manufacturing: Not only is this sales tax exemption targeted to both new and existing companies, it also applies to all energy, not just electricity, used directly or indirectly in manufacturing.

Discretionary Elimination of Sales & Use Tax for Construction Materials: To help defray the costs of a company’s start-up operations, Georgia now has the option to offer a sales and use tax exemption on construction materials. The exemption can only be used for the expansion or location of a competitive project of regional significance.

Research & Development Tax Credits: R&D tax credits are available to any company that increases its qualified research spending. Brand new companies, existing companies embarking on R&D for the first time and established companies expanding their R&D budget are eligible. The tax credit earned is a portion of the increase in R&D spending. The credit can be used to offset up to 50% of net Georgia income tax liability, after all other credits have been applied. Any unused R&D tax credits can be carried forward for up to 10 years. In addition, excess R&D tax credits can be used against state payroll withholding. With the enhancements in statutory R&D Tax Credits, qualified companies can now take credits earned against their state payroll withholding liability, a targeted and innovative use of excess credits that incentivizes the growth of technology-based companies.

Job Tax Credit: Companies and their headquarters that are engaged in strategic industries such as manufacturing, warehousing & distribution, processing, telecommunications, broadcasting, tourism and R&D may qualify. Depending on the community’s tier, companies must create between two and 25 net new full-time jobs in the first year. Credits may also be accrued for additional jobs created in years two through five. Jobs created outside of year five may not be claimed unless a new threshold for job creation (year 1) is met. Qualified companies can claim a tax credit with a value of $750—$4,000 per job, per year, beginning with the first taxable year in which the new job is created and for the following four years the job is maintained. Increased job tax credits, equal to Tier 1 credits, are also allowed for companies that create jobs in Less Developed Census Tracts (LDCT), Opportunity Zones (OZ) or Military Zones (MZ). OZs, MZs and Georgia’s 40 least developed counties offer job tax credits to businesses of any nature. Credits may be taken against 100% of state corporate income tax liability in Tier 1 & 2 counties, or 50% of state corporate income tax liability in Tier 3 & 4 counties. Excess credits up to $3,500 per job may also be applied to payroll withholding in Tier 1 counties, LDCTs, OZs and MZs.   Credits that are claimed but not used in any taxable year may be carried forward for 10 years from the close of the taxable year in which qualified jobs were established.

Statutory Job Tax Credits: In 2012, Georgia specifically identified biomedical manufacturing and alternative energy manufacturing, including solar, wind, biofuel and electric vehicle manufacturing, as qualifying industries for the Job Tax Credit, along with eight other industries.

Mega Project Tax Credit: Recently updated, this tax credit applies to qualified companies employing 1,800 new employees, and either investing a minimum of $450 million or meeting a minimum annual payroll of $150 million. The maximum number of jobs a company can claim is raised to 4,500.

Single Factor Apportionment: 2005, Georgia became the first state in the Southeast to adopt a Single Factor Gross Receipts” apportionment formula. This formula treats a company’s gross receipts, or sales in Georgia, as the only relevant factor in determining the portion of that company’s income subject to Georgia’s 6% corporate income tax. This significantly reduces the effective rate of Georgia income taxation of companies with substantial sales to customers outside the state. In addition, GA does not use the so-called Throw Back Rule,” which many states use to tax income from sales of goods or services to out-of-state customers if the customer’s state does not already tax that income.

Quality Jobs Tax Credit: Companies that create at least 50 jobs in a 12 month period where each job pays wages at least 110% of the county average are eligible to receive a tax credit of $2,500-$5,000 per job, per year, for up to five years, based on a scaled system. New quality jobs created within seven years can qualify for the credit. Credits may be used to offset the company’s payroll withholding once all other tax liability has been exhausted, and may be carried forward for 10 years.

Port Tax Credit Bonus: Available to taxpayers who increase imports or exports through a Georgia port by 10% over the previous or base year. Base year port traffic must be at least 75 net tons, five containers or 10 TEUs (20-foot equivalent units); if not, the percentage increase in port traffic will be calculated using 75 net tons, five containers, or 10 TEUs as the base. The port tax credit bonus can be used with either the Job or the Investment Tax Credit program, provided that the company meets the requirements for one of those programs. Port Tax Credits may be used to offset up to 50% of the company’s corporate income tax liability. The credits cannot be utilized with the Quality Jobs Tax Credit and can only be used in Opportunity Zones, Military Zones and Less Developed Census Tracts in limited cases by existing large distribution centers.

  • Port Tax Credit bonus for JOB Tax Credits – an additional $1,250/job credit for taxpayers with qualified increases in shipments through a GA port. The $1,250 is added to the Job Tax Credit.
  • Port Tax Credit bonus for INVESTMENT Tax Credit – increases the Investment Tax Credit to the equivalent of a Tier 1 location regardless of the tier level. The port bonus would therefore be equal to 5% of the qualified investment in expenses directly related to manufacturing or providing telecommunication services, with the credit increasing to 8% for recycling, pollution control and defense conversion.

Child Care Tax Credits: Employers who purchase or build qualified child care facilities are eligible to receive GA income tax credits equal to 100% of the cost of construction—the credit is spread over 10 years (10% each year). Unused credits from the purchase or construction of a child care facility can be carried forward three years. The child care facility must be licensed by the state. Employers who provide or sponsor child care for employees are eligible for a credit against Georgia income tax equal to 75% of the employer’s direct costs. Credits that are related to the operating cost of the facility may be carried forward five years. All child care credits can be used against 50% of the taxpayer’s income tax liability in a given year.

Work Opportunity Tax Credit Program (WOTC): Coordinated by the Georgia Dept. of Labor, it is a federal tax credit incentive that the U.S. Congress provides to private-sector businesses for hiring individuals from nine target groups who have consistently faced significant barriers to employment. Among others, target groups include certain TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) and food stamp recipients, and certain residents of an Empowerment Zone or Rural Renewal County. Participating companies are compensated by being able to reduce their federal income tax liability with a tax credit between $1,200 and $9,000 per qualified employee, depending on the target group. See

Inventory Tax Exemption: Effective January 1, 2011, business inventory is exempt from state property taxes (0.15 mils in 2013, 0.10 in 2014, 0.05 in 2015 0.0 in 2016 forward). Many Georgia counties also exempt from property tax up to 100% of qualified raw material, work-in-process and finished goods inventory under Georgia’s local-option Freeport” law. In most of these counties, distribution center and warehouse inventories are exempt if the inventory is destined to be shipped out of state.

Angel Investor Tax Credit: An income tax credit for qualified investors who invest in certain qualified businesses in Georgia in calendar years 2011, 2012 and 2013. The credit is claimed two years later, in 2013, 2014 and 2015, respectively. The credit is 35% of the investment with an individual investor cap of $50,000 per year. The aggregate annual cap for this program is $10 million. The qualified investor must get approval from the Georgia Department of Revenue before claiming the credit.

Small Business Tax Credits: Small businesses are eligible for the job tax credits, assuming all job thresholds and other eligibility criteria are met.   This includes eligibility if located in OZs, MZs and Georgia’s 40 least developed counties, which offer job tax credits to businesses of any nature, including retail businesses that create two jobs.

Investment Tax Credit: Existing Georgia companies that have operated a manufacturing or telecommunications support facility in the state for at least three years, and that make a minimum $50,000 additional qualified capital investment, may claim from 1% to 5% (depending on tier status) of the new investment directly related to manufacturing or providing telecommunications services as a tax credit. Higher credits (3% to 8%, depending on tier status) are available for investments in recycling or pollution control equipment and for defense plant manufacturing conversion to a new product. Taxpayers must choose either the investment tax credit or the job tax credit. This credit may be applied against 50% of state corporate income tax liability and carried forward for 10 years.

Optional Investment Tax Credits: Can be taken in lieu of the investment tax credit. The credits range from 6% to 10% of qualified capital investment. This credit is available to taxpayers that qualify for investment tax credits, with the minimum investment ranging from $5 million to $20 million. A taxpayer can use the tax credits up to the calculated amount for a given year. The credit may be claimed up to 10 years after the year the property was first placed in service, provided the property remains in service. The optional investment tax credit is a calculated risk. Without large increases each year in income tax liability, the usable tax credit could be very small and possibly zero.

Georgia Film Tax Credit: The Georgia Entertainment Industry Investment Act offers an across-the-board flat tax credit of 20% based on a minimum investment of $500,000 on qualified productions in the state. An additional 10% uplift can be earned by including an imbedded animated GA logo on approved projects. Qualified expenditures include materials, services and labor. Eligible productions include feature films; television movies, pilots or series; commercials; music videos; and certain interactive projects including types of animation, special effects and video game development. The minimum expenditure threshold can be met with one or the total of multiple projects aggregated. The income tax credit may be used against GA income tax liability or the company’s GA withholding. If the production company chooses, they may make a one-time sale or transfer of the tax credit to one or more Georgia taxpayers.


Hiring Assistance: Georgia’s Department of Labor (GDOL) assists companies in recruitment by posting job notices, collecting and screening applications and/or résumés, providing interview space, scheduling interviews and hosting job fairs. GDOL will work with private employment agencies that list jobs with the state.

Quick Start Employee Training: Provides customized training for new employees in skill-based jobs at no cost to qualifying companies. The training program is given to the company for its future use. Quick Start provides training space, instructors and all needed materials related to the program, potentially saving companies millions of dollars in training costs. See

Retraining Tax Credit: A company’s direct investment in training can be claimed as a tax credit. It is available to all GA businesses that file a GA income tax return. 50% of the employer’s direct cost, up to $500 per full-time employee, per approved training program, may be claimed as a credit. The total amount cannot exceed $1,250 per employee per year. Training programs must be approved by the Technical College System of Georgia and must be for quality and productivity enhancements and certain software technologies. This tax credit can be used to offset up to 50% of a company’s state corporate income tax liability. Unused credits can be carried forward for 10 years. These credits can be combined with other tax credits.

University System of Georgia Economic Development: The Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia created an Office of Economic Development in 1995. The System’s Economic Development staff, working with a team of economic development leaders from each campus, bridges the intellectual resources of Georgia’s 31 public college and universities to the Georgia Department of Economic Development and the state’s business community in innovative ways. Georgia businesses can connect with college-educated talent, the latest research and business and operations advice.

Centers of Innovation: Georgia’s six Centers of Innovation provide unique, technology-oriented support to businesses and start-ups in the areas of Aerospace, Agribusiness, Energy, Life Sciences & IT, Logistics and Advanced Manufacturing. Each center provides direct access to university and technical college applied research, commercialization resources, technology connections, matching grant funds, potential investor networks and key government agencies. Client companies are connected with industry-specific experts who are on the leading edge of technology and new ideas. See

Fulton County Economic Development Division

Joyce Rhodes
Senior Business Development Specialist
Fulton County Government Center
141 Pryor Street, 5th floor
Atlanta, GA 30303
[email protected]

The department is responsible for coordinating all services and activities associated with county policy and economic development initiatives that facilitate sustainable flow of revenue/jobs-generating business and real estate development transactions.


State Listings

  • Georgia Department of Economic Development

    Robert Payne
    Director of Account Management & Communications
    75 Fifth Street NW, Suite 1200
    Atlanta, GA 30308
    P: 404-962-4116
    [email protected]


Utility Listings

  • Electric Cities of Georgia

    Daryl Ingram
    Vice President of External Affairs
    Centergy One Building, 75 5th Street NW, Suite 850
    Atlanta, GA 30308
    P: 770-563-0321
    [email protected]
  • Georgia Electric Membership Corporation

    Joe Riley
    Manager, Economic Development
    75 Fifth Street, NW, Suite 710
    Atlanta, GA 30308
    P: 800-339-7185, ext.7616
    [email protected]
  • Georgia Power

    Jonathan Sangster
    General Manager, Economic Development
    75 Fifth Street NW, Suite 175
    Atlanta, GA 30308
    P: 404-506-2216
    [email protected]


Regional Listings

  • Dev. Auth. of Bainbridge/Decatur County

    Rick McCaskill
    Executive Director
    P.O. Box 755
    Bainbridge, GA 39818
    P: 229-246-4774
    [email protected]
  • Georgia Mountains Regional Commission (GMRC)

    Heather Feldman
    Economic Development Director
    1310 West Ridge Road, P.O. Box 1720
    Gainesville, GA 30501
    P: 770-538-2610
    [email protected]
  • Heart of Georgia Altamaha Regional Commission

    Katy Morton
    Director of Economic & Community Development
    5405 Oak Street
    Eastman, GA 31023
    P: 478-374-4771, ext. 204
    [email protected]
  • Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce

    Hans Gant
    Senior Vice President of Economic Development
    235 Andrew Young International Boulevard, NW
    Atlanta, GA 30303
    P: 404-586-8456
    [email protected]
  • Middle Georgia Regional Commission (MGRC)

    Ralph Nix
    Executive Director
    175 Emery Highway, Suite C
    Macon, GA 31217
    P: 478-751-6160
    [email protected]
  • Northwest Georgia Joint Development Authority

    Jeff Mullis
    Executive Director
    10052 North Highway 27, P.O. Box 220
    Rock Spring, GA 30739
    P: 706-375-5793
    [email protected]
  • River Valley Regional Commission

    Patti Cullen
    Executive Director
    P. O. Box 1908, 1428 Second Avenue
    Columbus, GA 31902
    P: 229-931-2909
    [email protected]
  • Southern Georgia Regional Commission (SGRC)

    John Leonard
    Executive Director
    1725 South Georgia Parkway West
    Waycross, GA 31503
    P: 912-285-6097
    [email protected]
  • Southwest Georgia Regional Commission

    Robert McDaniel
    Executive Director
    McRee Hall, 181 East Broad Street
    Camilla, GA 31730
    P: 229-522-3552, ext. 1609
    [email protected]


County Listings

  • Albany-Dougherty Economic Development Commission

    Justin Strickland
    Vice President, Business Development
    225 West Broad Avenue
    Albany, GA 31701
    P: 229-434-0044
    [email protected]
  • Alma/Bacon County Development Authority

    Cherry Rewis
    Executive Assistant
    1120 West 12th Street, P.O. Box 450
    Alma, GA 31510
    P: 912-632-5859
    [email protected]
  • Americas & Sumter County Chamber of Commerce

    Angela Westra
    409 Elm Avenue, Suite A
    Americas, GA 31709
    P: 229-924-2646
    [email protected]
  • Athens-Clarke County Economic Development Department

    Ryan Moore
    246 West Hancock Avenue
    Athens, GA 30607
    P: 706-613-3233
    [email protected]
  • Augusta Economic Development Authority (AEDA)

    Walter C. Sprouse, Jr., CEcD, CCE, FM
    Executive Director
    1450 Greene Street, Suite 560
    Augusta, GA 30901
    P: 706-821-1321, ext. 1
    [email protected]
  • Brunswick & Glynn County Development Authority

    John Scott
    Project Manager
    1505 Richmond Street
    Brunswick, GA 31520
    P: 912-265-6629
    [email protected]
  • Cartersville-Bartow County Department of Economic Development

    Melinda Lemmon, CEcD
    Executive Director
    122 West Main Street, P.O. Box 307
    Cartersville, GA 30120
    P: 770-382-1466, ext. 105
    [email protected]
  • Cochran-Bleckley Chamber & Industrial Development Authority

    Amy L. Harrelson
    President & CEO
    102 North 2nd Street, P.O. Box 305
    Cochran, GA 31014
    P: 478-934-2965
    [email protected]
  • Cordele-Crisp County Industrial Development Council

    Bruce Drennan
    Executive Director
    202 South 7th Street
    Cordele, GA 31015
    P: 229-273-9570
    [email protected]
  • Coweta County Development Authority

    Greg Wright
    100 International Park
    Newnan, GA 30265
    P: 770-304-1777
    [email protected]
  • Cumming-Forsyth County Chamber of Commerce

    Randall Toussaint
    Vice President of Economic Development
    212 Kelly Mill Road
    Cumming, GA 30040
    P: 770-887-6461
    [email protected]
  • DeKalb County Office of Economic Development

    Michelle J. Menifee
    Senior Business Development Manager
    330 West Ponce de Leon Avenue, 6th Floor
    Decatur, GA 30030
    P: 404-687-2730
    [email protected]
  • Development Authority of Bryan County

    Anna Chafin
    P.O. Box 267
    Pembroke, GA 31321-0267
    P: 912-653-4967
    [email protected]
  • Development Authority of Monroe County

    Tiffany Andrews
    Executive Director
    68 North Lee Street
    Forsyth, GA 31029
    P: 478-994-9239
    [email protected]
  • Dublin-Laurens Co. Cham./Dev. Auth.

    Willie Paulk
    P.O. Box 818
    Dublin, GA 31040
    P: 478-272-5546
    [email protected]
  • Eastman-Dodge County Area Chamber of Commerce

    Judy Madden
    1646 College Street, P.O. Box 550
    Eastman, GA 31023
    P: 478-374-4723
    [email protected]
  • Economic Development Authority of the City of Folkston & Charlton County

    Dawn Malin
    Executive Director
    3795 Main Street, P.O. Box 756
    Folkston, GA 31537
    P: 912-496-2536
    [email protected]
  • Effingham County Industrial Development Authority

    John Henry
    520 West Third Street
    Springfield, GA 31329
    P: 912-754-3301
    [email protected]
  • Fayette County Development Authority

    Matt Forshee
    President and CEO
    200 Courthouse Square
    Fayetteville, GA 30214
    P: 770-461-5253
    [email protected]
  • Fulton County Economic Development

    Joyce Rhodes
    Senior Business Development Specialist
    Fulton County Government Center, 141 Pryor St., 5th Floor
    Atlanta, GA 30303
    P: 404-612-4124
    [email protected]
  • Griffin-Spalding Development Authority

    David M. Luckie, CEcD
    Executive Director
    109 East Solomon Street, Suite 100 (P.O. Box 1009)
    Griffin, GA 30224-1009
    P: 770-412-9200
    [email protected]
  • LaGrange-Troup County Chamber of Commerce

    Page L. Estes
    111 Bull Street, P.O. Box 636
    LaGrange, GA 30241
    P: 706-884-8671
    [email protected]
  • Liberty County Development Authority

    Ronald E. Tolley
    425 W. Oglethorpe Hwy
    Hinesville, GA 31313
    P: 912-368-3356
    [email protected]
  • Lumpkin County Development Authority

    Steve Gooch
    Executive Director
    194 Courthouse Hill, Annex A
    Dahlonega, GA 30533
    P: 706-864-0423
    [email protected]
  • Madison-Morgan County Chamber

    Bob Hughes
    Economic Development Director
    115 East Jefferson Street
    Madison, GA 30650
    P: 706-342-4454
    [email protected]
  • Milledgeville-Baldwin County Development Authority

    Matt Poyner
    Executive Director
    130 South Jefferson Street
    Milledgeville, GA 31061
    P: 478-451-0369
    [email protected]
  • Moultrie-Colquitt County Chamber of Commerce/Development Authority

    Darrell Moore
    116 First Avenue SE, P.O. Box 487
    Moultrie, GA 31776
    P: 229-985-2131
    [email protected]
  • Oconee County Economic Development Dept.

    Rusty Haygood
    Economic Development Director
    23 N. Main Street, P.O. Box 145
    Watkinsville, GA 30677
    P: 706-769-5120
    [email protected]
  • Partnership Gwinnett

    Kellie Brownlow
    Director, Economic Development
    6500 Sugarloaf Parkway
    Duluth, GA 30097
    P: 770-232-3000
    [email protected]
  • Pike County Chamber of Commerce

    Christy Hammons, IOM
    Executive Director
    416 Thomaston Street, P.O. Box 1147
    Zebulon, GA 30295
    P: 770-567-2029
    [email protected]
  • Putnam Development Authority

    Terry Schwindler
    Economic Development Director
    117 Putnam Drive
    Eatonton, GA 31024
    P: 706-816-8099
    [email protected]
  • Tifton-Tift County Chamber of Commerce

    Brian Marlowe
    President & CEO
    100 Central Avenue, P.O. Box 165
    Tifton, GA 31793
    P: 229-382-6200
    [email protected]
  • Valdosta-Lowndes County Industrial Authority

    Andrea Schruijer
    Executive Director
    P.O. Box 1963
    Valdosta, GA 31603-1963
    P: 229-259-9972
    [email protected]
  • Waycross-Ware County Development Authority

    Bob Hereford
    Executive Director
    402 Elizabeth Street
    Waycross, GA 31501
    P: 912-283-2112
    [email protected]


City Listings

  • City of Marietta Economic Development

    Beth Sessoms
    Economic Development Manager
    205 Lawrence Street, 2nd Floor, P.O. Box 609
    Marietta, GA 30061-0609
    P: 770-794-5717
    [email protected]
  • Dalton-Whitfield County Joint Development Authority

    Elyse Cochran-Davis, IOM, CCE
    Executive Director
    100 South Hamilton Street
    Dalton, GA 30720
    P: 706-712-0956
    [email protected]
  • Greater Columbus Georgia Chamber of Commerce

    Mike Gaymon
    President and CEO
    1200 6th Ave., Box 1200
    Columbus, GA 31902-1200
    P: 706-327-1566
    [email protected]
  • Invest Atlanta

    Brian McGowan
    President & CEO
    133 Peachtree Street, NE, Suite 2900
    Atlanta, GA 30303
    P: 404-880-4100
    [email protected]
  • Macon Economic Development Commission

    Patrick Topping, CEcD
    Senior Vice President
    305 Coliseum Drive
    Macon, GA 31217
    P: 478-621-2030
    [email protected]
  • Roswell Business Alliance

    Steve Stroud
    Executive Director
    617 Atlanta Street
    Roswell, GA 30075
    P: 770-640-3253
    [email protected]
  • Savannah Economic Development Authority (SEDA)

    Brandt Herndon
    Vice President, Business Development
    131 Hutchinson Island Road, 4th Floor, P.O. Box 128
    Savannah, GA 31402
    P: 912-447-8450
    [email protected]